Shipwrecks aground on Middleton Reef, is a coral reef in the Tasman sea..Middleton Reef.Middleton Reef 29°27?28?S 159°7?7?E? / ?29.45778°S 159.11861°E? / -29.45778; 159.11861Coordinates: 29°27?28?S 159°7?7?E? / ?29.45778°S 159.11861°E? / -29.45778; 159.11861 is a coral reef in the Tasman Sea. It is separated by a deep oceanic pass some 45 km wide from nearby Elizabeth Reef, forming part of the Lord Howe Rise underwater plateau. Middleton Reef is around 220 km from Lord Howe Island and 555 km from the coast of New South Wales. In 1997 the Environment, Sport and Territories Legislation Amendment Bill 1996 included Middelton Reef in Australia's Coral Sea Islands Territory.This island is included also in Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs.Middleton Reef is a platform reef and is among the southernmost platform reefs in the world. However, despite its relatively high latitude, a wide variety of flora and fauna exists both on the island and in the surrounding waters. This is due to its location where tropical and temperate ocean currents converge..Middleton reef is about 8.9 km long by 6.3 km wide and is usually submerged. However, at low tide most of the reef flat is exposed. At high tide only one cay on the reef is visible, at one metre above sea level. The cay is called The Sound and is 100 m by 70 m..The reefs form the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Park Reserve managed by the Government of Australia under the Natural Heritage Trust..Middleton Reef image from NASA Millennium Coral Reef Mapping Project.Surveys by the Australian Institute of Marine Science have highlighted healthy number of Black Cod Epinephelus daemelii which is now a threatened species[1] in NSW waters.[2] The survey in 2003 highlighted some 111 species of coral and at the same time identified 181 species of fish. The total number of recorded fish species on the reef is 311 across several surveys. High numbers of Galapagos sharks Carcharhinus galapagensis were observed at Elizabeth Reef and

Shipwrecks aground on Middleton Reef, is a coral reef in the Tasman sea..Middleton Reef.Middleton Reef 29°27?28?S 159°7?7?E? / ?29.45778°S 159.11861°E? / -29.45778; 159.11861Coordinates: 29°27?28?S 159°7?7?E? / ?29.45778°S 159.11861°E? / -29.45778; 159.11861 is a coral reef in the Tasman Sea. It is separated by a deep oceanic pass some 45 km wide from nearby Elizabeth Reef, forming part of the Lord Howe Rise underwater plateau. Middleton Reef is around 220 km...
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